電子期刊目錄
A- A A+

台灣家庭醫學雜誌

原著論文(Original Article)
慢性病人服藥配合度行為相關因素之問卷調查研究
醫病關係、服藥配合度、量表建構、健康信念模式、計畫行為理論、healthcare provider-patient communication、medication adherence、scale development、the Health Belief Model、the Theory of Planned Behavior
許舒涵1,2 、楊裕萌3 、林煜程1 、胡德民3 、王莉萱4 、唐功培5
台北市立聯合醫院陽明院區藥劑科1 、大仁科技大學藥學系2 、國立陽明交通大學藥學系3 、臺北醫學大學藥學系4 、國立臺北教育大學幼兒與家庭教育學系5

慢性病人服藥配合度行為相關因素之問卷調查研究
 
許舒涵1,2楊裕萌3林煜程1胡德民3王莉萱4唐功培5

 
目的:服藥配合度不佳可能導致疾病無法得到有效治療,還可能衍生出其他藥物不良反應,因此了解病人服藥配合度之相關因素,以利提出有效對策,增進醫病溝通及提升病患服藥配合度。
方法:以計畫行為理論與健康信念模式為基礎建構問卷之構面,透過問卷結果了解影響病人服藥之因素。以台北市某區域教學醫院為主要收案場所,將問卷數據進行項目分析、信度檢測一致性與確立問卷信效度後,使用SPSS進行Pearson’s 相關性分析、以及多元階層迴歸分析探索各理論中,其構面對服藥配合度的相關因素與解釋力。
結果:本研究共收集307份有效問卷樣本。分析計畫行為理論中各構面與人口學變項之關聯性後,具統計上顯著之相關構面為態度與行為意念,解釋力為24.1%。健康信念模式模型中,具統計上顯著之相關構面為自覺行動障礙與自我效能,解釋力28.4%。
結論:計畫行為理論與健康信念模式皆可用來研究服藥配合度行為,且健康信念模式相較於計畫行為理論去預測慢性病人服藥配合度有較好的解釋力。
(台灣家醫誌2022; 32: 285-300) DOI: 10.53106/168232812022123204005
 
關鍵詞:醫病關係、服藥配合度、量表建構、健康信念模式、計畫行為
 

1台北市立聯合醫院陽明院區藥劑科、2大仁科技大學藥學系、3國立陽明交通大學藥學系、4臺北醫學大學藥學系、5國立臺北教育大學幼兒與家庭教育學系
受理日期:111年10月31日 修改日期:111年11月29日 同意刊登:112年1月18日
通訊作者:唐功培 聯絡地址:臺北市大安區和平東路2段134號 國立台北教育大學
E-mail: kptang@mail.ntue.edu.tw

 

A Questionnaire Survey on Behavioral Factors
Influencing Medication Adherence in Chronic Disease
Patients
 
Suhan Hsu1,2, Yu-Meng Yang3, Yu-Cheng Lin1, Teh-Min Hu3, Li-Hsuan Wang4
and Kung-Pei Tang5

Purpose:As medication non-adherence may exacerbate disease progression and result in drugrelated problems, it is of great importance to examine the factors affecting patient's medication adherence to develop effective solutions that help improve the communication between physicians and patients.
Methods:A questionnaire was designed based on two theories of behavior change: the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and the health belief model (HBM). The validated questionnaire was administered to patients of a regional hospital in Taipei. Item analysis included missing rate, comparisons of extreme groups, correlation between item and total score, Cronbach’s α after item deletion, and Cronbach’s α reliability test. Pearson’s correlation, multiple hierarchical regression analysis and the power of TPB and HBM models were conducted for further statistical analysis.
Results:A total of 307 valid questionnaires were analyzed. The TPB model indicated that attitude and behavioral intention exerted significant effects on medication adherence. Adjusted R2 was 24.1%. As to the HBM model, perceived barrier and self-efficacy were significant factors. Adjusted R2 was 28.4%.
Conclusion:The study identified several behavioral factors or barriers which might potentially affect medication adherence. Both TPB and HBM can be used to study medication adherence with the latter reporting a greater power in predicting medication adherence of chronic patients.
(Taiwan J Fam Med 2022; 32: 285-300) DOI: 10.53106/168232812022123204005
 
Key words: healthcare provider-patient communication, medication adherence, scale development, the Health Belief Model, the Theory of Planned Behavior
 

1Pharmacy Department, Taipei City Hospital Yang-Ming Branch, Taipei, Taiwan.
2Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy and Health Care, Tajen University, Pingtung, Taiwan.
3Faculty of Pharmacy, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan.
4School of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
5Department of Early Childhood and Family Education, College of Education, National Taipei University of Education,Taipei, Taiwan.
Received: October 31, 2022; Revised: November 29, 2022; Accepted: January 18, 2023. 
網站更新日期:113.07.23 瀏覽人數:26223546
操作進行中,請稍候~~~~
×